Digital Library on Green Mobility

Glossary

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Neighbourhood Electric Vehicle (NEV)

BEV’s that are limited to streets with lower speed limits, typically around 45mph. NEV’s are all-electric and can be recharged using a standard outlet. 

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New Mobility

This is a buzzword describing new and upcoming mobility options and their combination into an integrated traffic system. Not everything labeled as “new” is really new, e.g. ride sharing is as old as the use of horses and buggies and even electric scooters were known in the 20’s of the last century. New Mobility is sometimes also referred to as Smart Mobility. 

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Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

A less reliable rechargeable battery. 

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Off Peak Charging

Charging your electrical vehicle at certain lowest cost off-peak hours. 

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Pedelec

A bicycle where the rider’s pedalling is assisted by an electric motor. 

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Peer-to-peer (P2P) Ride Sharing

This term is usually referred to Ride Sharing between private people not earning money with transportation but who are willing to share private rides. Not to be confused with Ride Hailing. Examples for P2P Ride Sharing companies: Flinc, SAP TwoGo, BlaBla Car, LiftShare, Carma Carpool 

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Personal Mobility Device (PMD)

Small vehicles such as bicycles, unicycles, monowheels / self-balancing unicylces, hoverboards, as well as electric skate boards and kick scooters belong to this classification. 

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Personal Rapid Transit (PRT)

PRT is a system of small automated cars guided on a fixed guideway. It is also referred to as Podcars and often considered as a type of demand-responsive public transport. Compared to mass transit systems the smaller cars allow a higher frequency and so lower waiting times as well as lighter structures. 

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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)

PHEVs contain a battery that is able to be charged with an external electric power source, PHEV’s are a mixture of all electric vehicles and ICEV’s. 

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Plug-in vehicle (PiV)

A blanket term for any vehicle with a plug socket, including BEVs and PHEVs.