Digital Library on Green Mobility

Glossary

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AC (Alternating Current)

A charge of electricity that regularly changes direction, which is the kind of power that comes from the power plant to homes and businesses. 

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AER (All-Electric Range)

The range that the EV is able to reach solely using electricity. 

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Alternative Fuel Vehicle

This term is used for a vehicle that runs on a fuel other than traditional petrol or diesel. It includes engines that don't solely rely on petroleum such as PHEV, EV, FCEVS, but also includes HEVs. 

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Ammonia-hydrogen fuel cell

 

An ammonia-hydrogen fuel cell is a type of fuel cell that uses ammonia (NH3) as a fuel to generate electricity

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Autonomous Rail Transit (ART)

ART represents autonomous, trackless tram or light rail system. The construction and drive train has similarities to a regular tram but it can drive on streets and does not require rails. 

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Autonomous Vehicle (AV)

Vehicle which does not require a driver – or at least assists the driver depending on the level of automation.

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Battery

Most electric vehicles, whether hybrid or all-electric in nature, require a battery to store electricity when it is not being driven and then tap into this supply when it hits the road. 

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Battery Capacity

The capacity of the battery, expressed in kilowatt hours (kWh), will determine the range it can cover from a single charge. The higher the capacity, the greater the distance the vehicle will be able to travel before it needs to be plugged in again. 

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Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

A car that runs purely on electric power, stored in an on-board battery that is charged from mains electricity (typically at a dedicated charge point).

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Battery Management System

An electronic system within the vehicle that manages and protects the battery.