Digital Library on Green Mobility

Glossary

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Greenhouse Gas (GHG)

Any gas that absorbs infrared radiation in the atmosphere. GHGs include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, chlorofluorocarbons,  hydrochlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride. 

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Heating Value

The amount of energy released when a fuel is burned completely. 

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High-Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes

Also known as carpool lanes, bus lanes, diamond lanes, 2+, T2, T3 lanes are restricted traffic lanes reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles with one or more passengers, taxis, carpools, vanpools, and transit buses. They exist in several countries and aim to increase car utilization and reduce the number of Single-Occupancy Vehicles by allowing for a higher speed due to less traffic. 

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Home Charging

Plugging your electric car in to charge while it is parked at home, typically overnight. A dedicated home charging point is the best and safest way of doing this. 

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Hybrid

Rather than relying entirely on batteries and electric motors to move, a hybrid car will pair a combustion engine with a separate zero emissions drivetrain. This can help to overcome the range issues and any complications with charging infrastructure which might afflict all-electric vehicles. 

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Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)

An HEV utilizes a dual system of electric propulsion and an internal combustion engine. 

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Hybrid Vehicle

It contains both an internal combustion engine and a motor with battery pack. In contrast to a pug-in hybrid electric vehicle, it does not provide the capability to connect to an external source to charge the batteries. Instead, the batteries are charged by the internal combustion engine or a regenerative braking system. 

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ICEd

When a charge point is occupied by a vehicle with an internal combustion engine (ICE), preventing an EV from charging. A polite note left on their windscreen with your phone number is generally the best response. 

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ICEV (Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle)

All vehicles that are powered by Fossil Fuels are ICEVs. 

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IEC 62196

Also known as the Mennekes, it is a type of connectors that is used to charge Electric Vehicles in Europe.