Digital Library on Green Mobility

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Research Papers/Articles
Life Cycle Assessment of Methanol Vehicles From Energy, Environmental and Economic Perspectives

2022

Author(s): Luo L, Wang H, Li C, Hu Y.

This paper uses the Energy, Environment, and Economy (3E) evaluation method to analyze the energy consumption, environmental emission, and economy of methanol, electric, gas, and gasoline vehicles from the whole life cycle perspective.

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Research Papers/Articles
Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Li-Sulphur and Li-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

2022

Author(s): Benveniste G, Sánchez A, Rallo H, Corchero C, Amante B.

This study performs a life cycle assessment (LCA) of Li-S battery cells (under industrial development at the moment) that have been scaled up accordingly to estimate their performance as a battery for EVs.

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Research Papers/Articles
Life Cycle Assessment on Energy Efficiency of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle in China

2022

Author(s): Lu Q, Zhang B, Yang S, Peng Z

Based on the analysis and research achievements of domestic and foreign scholars regarding the vehicle life cycle assessment, in combination with the research data of relevant enterprises, the research has objectively assessed the well-to-wheel energy efficiency of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and performed a comparative analysis with conventional gasoline vehicle, conventional diesel vehicle, natural gas vehicle, methanol vehicle and battery electric vehicle

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This study investigates the carbon footprint of LIBs produced in China using a cradle-to-cradle life-cycle assessment approach.

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Lithium-ion battery recycling can decrease the life cycle environmental impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and assist in securing domestic supply chains.

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Research Papers/Articles
Vehicle Fleet Electrification and Its Effects on the Global Warming Potential of Highway Pavements in the United States

2022

Author(s): Barkh H, Yu A, Friend D, Shani P, Tu Q, Swei O

This study quantifies the impact of vehicle fleet changes on the global warming potential of asphalt concrete pavement systems across the United States via a comprehensive life cycle assessment model

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Research Papers/Articles
Environmental Impact of the Second Life of an Automotive Battery: Reuse and Repurpose Based on Ageing Tests

2022

Author(s): Philippot M, Costa D, Hosen M.S, Senécat A, Brouwers E, Nanini-Maury E, Van Mierlo J, Messagie M

This study assesses a nickel manganese cobalt (NMC)–lithium titanate oxide (LTO) battery using the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, considering two scenarios for the second life of the battery: the reuse in an EV or its repurpose as stationary storage for energy generated from photovoltaic panels in a Belgian household.

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Research Papers/Articles
Complete LCA of Battery Electric and Conventional Fuel Vehicles for Freight Trips

2022

Author(s): Middela MS, Mahesh S, Kancharla SR, Ramadurai G, Perme R, Sripada SK, Devi G

The authors estimate freight emissions in Chennai, India, using real-world emission factors obtained from onboard emission measurement systems and trip characteristics collected through an establishment survey.

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This study uses life cycle analysis (LCA) to comparatively analyze two vehicle models of similar size of each type (ICEV and EV) currently used in the City’s fleet. Ford Focus is chosen for the ICEV and Mitsubishi i-MiEV for the EV, both with a vehicle life of 150,000km. The analysis shows that the electric vehicle has notably lower carbon emissions and lower energy consumption per kilometer. After considering all phases, the Ford Focus emits 392.4gCO2-eq/km and Mitsubishi i-MiEV emits 203.0gCO2-eq/km over the vehicle life.

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Ricardo Strategic Consulting conducted a life cycle assessment study for the Fuels Institute to study the life cycle emissions and total cost of ownership of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles and electric vehicles. The study involved an extensive literature review of the research work in this field and a customized life cycle analysis (LCA) model development by Ricardo.