Digital Library on Green Mobility


How Will Second-Use of Batteries Affect Stocks and Flows in the EU? A Model for Traction Li-Ion Batteries

Publication Year: 2019

Author(s): Bobba S, Mathieux F, Blengini GA


Combined with an environmental assessment, this paper contributes to a more-in depth knowledge of the second-use of batteries and its potential effects in Europe. This paper develops a dynamic, parameterised Material Flow Analysis (MFA) model to estimate stocks and flows of LIBs after their removal from xEVs along the specific processes of the european value-chain. Direct reuse, second-use and recycling are included in the model and parameters make it customisable and updatable. Focusing on full and plug-in electric vehicles, LIBs and energy storage capacity flows are estimated. Stocks and flows of two embedded materials relevant for Europe were also assessed (cobalt and lithium). Results showed that second-use corresponds to a better exploitation of LIBs’ storage capacity.  A variety of actors can use this MFA model to enhance knowledge of second-use of batteries in Europe and to support the effective management of LIBs along their value-chain.

Source of Publication: Resources, Conservation and Recycling

Vol/Issue: 145:279-291p.

DOI No.: DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.02.022

Publisher/Organisation: Elsevier B.V.

Rights: CC BY license (


Theme: Business Models | Subtheme: Battery Recycling & Reuse

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