Digital Library on Green Mobility


Promoting Green Transportation Under the Belt and Road Initiative: Locating Charging Stations Considering Electric Vehicle Users’ Travel Behavior

Publication Year: 2022

Author(s): Ouyang X, Xu M


This study aims to determine the optimal location of multi-type electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, e.g., fast and slow charging stations, for maximizing the covered traffic flows under a limited budget while considering EV users' partial charging behavior and elastic demand. A two-phase approach is proposed to efficiently solve this problem. The efficacy of the proposed two-phase approach is demonstrated by numerical experiments on the highway network of Zhejiang Province, China, and policies towards promoting transport electrification are discussed from various aspects. In particular, the policy suggestions are fivefold: (a) how to save investment in station construction by understanding EV users’ tolerance for travel cost deviation; (b) how to determine the budget policy to ensure an efficient utilization of the investment; (c) how to optimally select the location and type of charging stations; (d) how to devise the operation regulations based on the workload of each station; as well as (e) how to plan the station construction in a mid- or long-term implementation. The authors also discuss some potential issues and opportunities with regard to constructing and running charging stations in the context of ongoing advancements in energy and communication technologies, such the Internet of Things (IoT).

Source of Publication: Transport Policy

Vol/Issue: 116: 58 - 80p.

DOI No.: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.11.023

Country: China

Publisher/Organisation: Elsevier Ltd.

Rights: Elsevier Ltd.


Theme: Charging Infrastructure | Subtheme: Public charging station

Related Documents

Research Papers/Articles


This report provides a global assessment of charging infrastructure deployment practices, chal... Read More

Training Materials

Smart Charging Guide

Published Year: 2020


More and more electricity is generated by the power of the sun and the wind. This growth means... Read More

Research Papers/Articles


This report quantifies the gap in charging infrastructure to power more than 3 million expecte... Read More