Digital Library on Green Mobility


Mapping India’s Energy Subsidies 2020

Fossil Fuels, Renewables, Electric Vehicles

Publication Year: 2020

Author(s): Garg V, Viswanathan B, Narayanaswamy D, Beaton C, Ganesan K, Sharma S, Bridle R


This report, published in collaboration with IISD, examines how the Government of India (GoI) has used subsidies to support different types of energy and analyses crucial developments between FY 2014 and FY 2019. It examines how India’s energy subsidy policies changed, the most significant developments in the dynamic energy policy environment and whether public support aligned with India’s desired energy future. It also assesses how energy subsidies might change in response to the Covid-19 crisis. The subsidies have been categorised into five groups: coal; oil and gas (O&G); electricity transmission and distribution (T&D); renewable energy (RE); and electric vehicles (EVs). All categories include the full value chain of production and consumption.

The report is the latest update in a series of reviews of India’s energy subsidies - India’s Energy Transition 2017 and India’s Energy Transition, 2018 Update. Since this review was last conducted, India has declared its intention to conduct a peer review of its fossil fuel subsidies with France as part of the G20 commitment to phase out subsidies.

Country: India

Publisher/Organisation: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

Rights: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)


Theme: Sustainable transportation | Subtheme: Energy

Tags: CEEW, Council on Energy Environment and Water, Fossil fuels, Renewable Energy, Electric vehicles, Energy Mix, Energy policy, Renewable energy policy, Electricity transmission, Energy subsidy, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

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