Digital Library on Green Mobility


Decentralized Master Production and Recycling Scheduling of Lithium-Ion Batteries: A Techno-Economic Optimization Model

Publication Year: 2020

Author(s): Scheller C, Schmidt K, Spengler TS


Due to the rapid growth of e-mobility, increasing amounts of lithium-ion batteries are produced and returned after their lifetime. However, these returns will lead to new challenges for manufacturers and recyclers, considering the end-of-life. Therefore, this study focus on the interactions between recycler and manufacturer as two of the major actors of each supply chain. The authors formulate optimization models for the master recycling scheduling and the master production scheduling. To analyze current decentralized decisions of the recycler and remanufacturer, the authors further formulate an integrated master production and recycling scheduling model. The authors examine five different scenarios and find that for all scenarios, manufacturer and recycler achieve positive contribution margins. However, inefficiencies always occur due to opportunistic behavior. As a result, reuse is performed only in case of centralized planning.

Source of Publication: Journal of Business Economics

Vol/Issue: 30pp.

DOI No.: DOI: 10.1007/s11573-020-00999-7

Publisher/Organisation: Springer

Rights: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (


Theme: Business Models | Subtheme: Battery Recycling & Reuse

Tags: Closed-loop supply chain, Lithium-ion battery, Master production scheduling

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