Digital Library on Green Mobility

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Research Papers/Articles
The Global Diffusion of Electric Vehicles: Lessons from the First Decade

2021

Author(s): Li S, Wang B, Yang M, Zhang F

Investment in charging infrastructure would have been much more cost-effective than consumer purchase subsidies in promoting electrical vehicle adoption. This finding highlights the importance of expanding charging infrastructure in the next phase of deeper electrical vehicle diffusion.

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Research Papers/Articles
The Role of Government in the Market for Electric Vehicles: Evidence From China

2021

Author(s): Li S, Zhu X, Ma Y, Zhang F, Zhou H

The analysis is based on the most comprehensive data on electric vehicle sales, local and central government incentive programs, and charging stations in 150 cities from 2015 to 2018. The study addresses the potential endogeneity of key variables, such as local policies and charging infrastructure, using the border regression design and instrumental variable method.

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Research Papers/Articles
Electric Mobility in India: Accelerating Implementation

2021

Author(s): World Bank

The study review the development of e-mobility in India, identify remaining challenges and mitigation measures to support India’s electric mobility vision. This report presents the findings of the analysis and lays out a set of recommendations for consideration by different stakeholders.

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Research Papers/Articles
Electrification of Public Transport: A Case Study of the Shenzhen Bus Group

2021

Author(s): World Bank

This case study on the electrification of buses and taxis is part of a larger effort by the World Bank Transport Global Practice to share China’s experience in rolling out electric mobility to the international community so that other governments can make more informed decisions, avoid potential risks, save resources, and connect to experts in the field and build capacity. The case study is organized into four main parts: Part I: The Policy and Enabling Environment of Electrification of Buses in Shenzhen; Part II: The Business Model and Implementation of SZBG’s Transition to Electric Mobility; and Part III: Assessing the Costs and Benefits of SZBG’s Transition to Electric Mobility.

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Research Papers/Articles
Motorization Management for Development: An Integrated Approach to Improving Vehicles for Sustainable Mobility

2022

Author(s): Roger G, Bose D, Cordeiro M, Darido G, Koupal J, Krishnan R, Neki K, Qiu Y

This report presents the World Bank’s Motorization Management (MM) framework, which is intended to support client countries in the development of policies and measures aimed at managing vehicle stocks in a proactive, phased, and systematic manner to make them safer, cleaner, and more fuel efficient. The MM framework reflects a series of policy considerations and programs that can be implemented to improve the quality of fuels and vehicles in a country’s stock.

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Research Papers/Articles
A Review of the Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Electric Vehicle Batteries

2022

Author(s): Li P, Xia X, Guo J

Facing increasingly severe climate change, countries and regions worldwide are actively promoting the electrification of the transportation sector and encouraging the use of electric vehicles (EVs) to replace traditional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs).

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Research Papers/Articles
Optimising the Geospatial Configuration of a Future Lithium Ion Battery Recycling Industry in the Transition to Electric Vehicles and a Circular Economy

2022

Author(s): Nguyen-Tien V, Dai Q, Harper GDJ, Anderson PA, Elliott RJR

This paper provides an economical, environmental, and geospatial analysis of a future LiB recycling industry in the UK. Hitherto, state-of-the-art assessment methods have evaluated life cycle impacts and costs but have not considered the geographical layer of the problem.

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Opinions/Videos
Sustainability Assessment of Electric Vehicles: Opportunities and Challenges

2022

Author(s): TERI and GIZ India

The webinar focused on the need for an integrated sustainability assessment of EVs incorporating environmental and socio-economic factors.

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In this study, the authors quantified and compared the GHG emissions of different powertrain vehicles in a life cycle perspective with a particular focus on energy and climate consequences for current and future integrated scenarios to facilitate carbon reduction assessment for Shanghai.

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In this paper, lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (NCM) and lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries, which are the most widely used in the Chinese electric vehicle market, are investigated, and the production, use, and recycling phases of power batteries are specifically analyzed based on life cycle assessment (LCA).